ERCAN AERONAUTICAL SERVICES
· Air Traffic Services
· Aeronautical Information Services
· Communication, Navigation and Surveillance Services
AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES (ATS)
In accordance to ICAO ANNEX 11 the objectives of the air traffic services shall be to:
1. Prevent collisions between aircraft
2. Prevent collisions between aircraft on the maneuvering area and obstructions
3. Expedite and maintain an orderly flow of air traffic
4. Provide advice and information useful for the safe and efficient conduct of flight
5. Notify appropriate organizations regarding aircraft in need of search and rescue aid and assist such organizations as required. Air Traffic Unit is consisting of 3 units which are named as Tower, Approach and Area Control.
ERCAN FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION: In TRNC Advisory Airspace was started to be served on 21st March 1977 by sending Notam with series of A01 / 77, which is known as the secondary Notam to ICAO and 255 member states of ICAO. Dimension of Ercan Advisory Airspace is 55 thousand km2 and Ercan Air control unit is responsible for 37 thousand km2 of this area which is given from Ankara FIR. In addition to this communication and control services are under Ercan Control Area which are given under ICAO Rules. These services are given by staff who are qualified again ICAO rules.
ERCAN AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL CENTER (EACC)
Ercan Area Control (2019) this unit is responsible for the provision of air traffic control within the limits of the Ercan Advisory Airspace as defined mentioned above. It provides air traffic control to all controlled flights (flights that are in contact with the air traffic controllers) within a controlled area (airways) that lie under its jurisdiction as to fulfil the objectives 1and 3 mentioned above. The Air Traffic Control Units provides advice and information for the safe and efficient conduct of flight (objective 4) including light or training aircraft operating in the designated training areas, routes and agreed heights within the limits of each unit in the Ercan Advisory Airspace. They are also responsible for notifying appropriate organizations regarding aircraft in need of search and rescue aid, and assists such organizations as required (objective 5).
ERCAN APPROACH CONTROL (EAC): Approach control service is provided from fulfil the objectives 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 mentioned above. Approach Control is responsible for separation between traffic under control tower and area control center, Approach Control serves like a bridge between control units. Approach Control serves arrival traffic to descend and land safely. On the other hand approach control serves departure traffic to climb their cruise level and establish their route safely.
ERCAN CONTROL TOWER
Tower Control is responsible of the aircraft on the maneuvering area, departures, landings and aircraft which are flying on the traffic pattern. Additionally Tower Control is responsible to ensure safety between aircraft and ground vehicles.
Aeronautical Information Servıces (AIS): The objective of the Aeronautical Information Services, in accordance with ICAO annex 15, is to ensure the flow of information necessary for the safety, regularity and efficiency of international air navigation. The aim is to satisfy the need for stability and consistency in the provision of aeronautical information/data that is required for operational use by international civil aviation.
This service is provided by the following units:
Central Office of Aeronautical Information Services.
This office is stationed in the headquarters of the Ercan Civil Aviation Department and is in constant cooperation and coordination with the Air Traffic Control Reporting Offices (ARO). ICAO Annex 15 specifies that aeronautical information should be published as an integrated aeronautical information package (IAIP), composed of the following elements:
AIP- Aeronautical Information Publication AIC – Aeronautical Information Circulars
The Central office of Aeronautical information is responsible for the publication, revision and distribution of the IAIP. This unit center is in Ercan Air Traffic Control Management Center.
NOTAM - Notices to Airmen
Aeronautical Telecommunication Service: A telecommunication service provided for any aeronautical purpose.
Radio navigation service: A service providing guidance information or position data for the efficient and safe operation of aircraft supported by one or more radio navigation aids.
SURVEILLANCE RADAR: Radar equipment used to determine the position of an aircraft in range and azimuth; and airborne collision avoidance system (ACAS). An aircraft system based on secondary surveillance radar (SSR) transponder signals which operates independently of ground-based equipment to provide advice to the pilot on potential conflicting aircraft that are equipped with SSR transponders. Services are provided with two radar at Ercan Airport in Ercan Advisory Airspace. Ağırdağ Radar is located over Kyrenia Mountain and Ercan Radar is located south part of the runway.
SMART BUILDING OF ERCAN AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL CENTER: Turkey is involved in a project to become a part of the Single European Sky (SESAR) and is working on the SMART system as we are currently controlling the South of the Turkish FIR we have benefited and the SMART building for Ercan was completed in 2009. Latest technology for aviation has been installed in the SMART building for safety purposes due to the rising number in air traffic. This system is an intern modernization system which has more capabilities like mode-S.
RADIO NAVIGATION SERVICES
The following types of radio aids to navigation are available:
-LF-MF -Non-Directional Beacon (NDB)
-VHF Omni Directional Radio Range (Vistance Measuring Equipment (DME)
-Primary Surveillance Radar (PSR)
-Secondary Surveillance Radar (SSR)
-Instrument Landing System (ILS)